Definition, Rechtschreibung, Synonyme und Grammatik von 'Pardon' auf Duden online nachschlagen. Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache.  Entschuldigung, Verzeihung, Nachsicht oder Gnade:  eine Prozession in der Bretagne (Frankreich). Herkunft: im Jahrhundert von französisch pardon. Übersetzung für 'pardon' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache.
Pardon "Pardon" auf Französisch
Übersetzung Französisch-Deutsch für pardon im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Definition, Rechtschreibung, Synonyme und Grammatik von 'Pardon' auf Duden online nachschlagen. Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache. Pardon, der oder das. Grammatik Substantiv (Maskulinum, Neutrum) · Genitiv Singular: Pardons · wird nur im Singular verwendet. Vergebung ist die mentale Reaktion einer Person auf ein tatsächliches oder angenommenes Fehlverhalten Anderer, durch die der Vergebende – unabhängig von Fragen nach Schuld, Schwere oder den Folgen der Tat – die menschliche Unvollkommenheit. Pardon (französisch für „Vergebung“, „Verzeihung“) bezeichnet: im militärischen Sprachgebrauch die Schonung des Lebens des Gegners, siehe Pardon.  Entschuldigung, Verzeihung, Nachsicht oder Gnade:  eine Prozession in der Bretagne (Frankreich). Herkunft: im Jahrhundert von französisch pardon. pardon Bedeutung, Definition pardon: 1. to forgive someone for something they have said or done. This word is often used in polite.
Pardon (französisch für „Vergebung“, „Verzeihung“) bezeichnet: im militärischen Sprachgebrauch die Schonung des Lebens des Gegners, siehe Pardon. Übersetzung Französisch-Deutsch für pardon im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Pardon (Deutsch). Wortart: Substantiv, (sächlich/männlich). Silbentrennung: Par|don, keine Mehrzahl. Aussprache/Betonung: IPA: [paʁˈdõ], [paʁˈdɔŋ].
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Entry 1 of 2 : an act of officially saying that someone who was judged to be guilty of a crime will be allowed to go free and will not be punished formal : forgiveness for something pardon.
Entry 1 of 2 1 : forgiveness for wrong or rude behavior 2 : the act of freeing from legal punishment pardon. Please tell us where you read or heard it including the quote, if possible.
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Login or Register. Save Word. Keep scrolling for more. Choose the Right Synonym for pardon Verb excuse , condone , pardon , forgive mean to exact neither punishment nor redress.
Examples of pardon in a Sentence Noun The governor granted him a pardon. He asked my pardon for taking so much of my time. Verb he eventually pardoned his sister for interfering in his marriage I'm willing to pardon a little sloppiness of dress in such a kind and loving person.
Recent Examples on the Web: Noun More than , people pledged support for a gubernatorial pardon for Talbot. Her husband's family just put that on hold.
A similar and parallel power vests in the governors of each state under Article The Constitution of India vests sovereign power in the president and governors.
The governance in the centre and states is carried out in the name of the president and governor respectively. The president is empowered with the power to pardon under Article 72 of the Indian Constitution.
Article 72 says that the president shall have the power to grant pardons, reprieves, respites or remissions of punishment or to suspend, remit or commute the sentence of any person convicted of any offence.
The meaning of these terms is as follows:. There are five different types of pardoning which are mandated by law. Similarly, as per article Governor of a State has the power to grant pardons, reprieves, respites or remissions of punishment or to suspend, remit or commute the sentence of any person convicted of any offence against any law relating to a matter to which the executive power of the state extends.
Please note that President can grant pardon to a person awarded death sentence. But a governor of a state does not enjoy this power.
The question is whether this power to grant pardon is absolute or this power of pardon shall be exercised by the President on the advice of Council of Ministers.
The pardoning power of the president is not absolute. It is governed by the advice of the Council of Ministers.
This has not been discussed by the constitution but is the practical truth. Further, the constitution does not provide for any mechanism to question the legality of decisions of President or governors exercising mercy jurisdiction.
But the SC in Epuru Sudhakar case has given a small window for judicial review of the pardon powers of President and governors for the purpose of ruling out any arbitrariness.
The court has earlier held that court has retained the power of judicial review even on a matter which has been vested by the Constitution solely in the Executive.
However, it is important to note that India has a unitary legal system and there is no separate body of state law. All crimes are crimes against the Union of India.
Therefore, a convention has developed that the governor's powers are exercised for only minor offenses, while requests for pardons and reprieves for major offenses and offenses committed in the Union Territories are deferred to the President.
Both the President and Governor are bound by the advice of their respective Councils of Ministers and hence the exercise of this power is of an executive character.
It was subsequently confirmed by Kehar Singh v. The court made these observation while quashing the decision of then Governor of Andhra Pradesh Sushil Kumar Shinde in commuting the sentence of a convicted Congress activist.
The Irish constitution states in Article The right of pardon and the power to commute or remit punishment imposed by any court exercising criminal jurisdiction are hereby vested in the President, but such power of commutation or remission may also be conferred by law on other authorities.
The power of clemency is nominally exercised by the president. However, the President of Ireland must act "on the advice" of the Government cabinet , so in practice the clemency decisions are made by the government of the day and the president has no discretion in the matter.
The responsibility can also be delegated to people or bodies other than the president. Amnesty and immunity, on the other hand, are usually dealt with by an Act of the Oireachtas rather than by a general form of pardon or a slate of individual pardons.
In the first procedure, aimed at miscarriages of justice, the Minister for Justice may recommend to the Government that they formally advise the President to grant a pardon, and any conditions along with it.
Under this procedure, the person must:. Then they can apply in writing to the Minister for Justice for a pardon.
Section six of the act allows a Minister for Justice to seek or receive a pardon request from someone whose case is not a 'miscarriage of justice', but has some other fault, such as an archaic law, a law being misapplied by a rogue judge, a reduction in the harshness of a sentence or a substitution of a sentence, without having to go through the procedure above, gone through appeals, or presented new facts.
It also allows the minister to waive the procedure in a case of miscarriage of justice if the specific case warrants it.
It may also allow prospective pardons as it allows the minister to pardon someone who has not been convicted yet, which the other procedure requires.
The government itself may assemble a committee to study the case in more detail on their behalf. This may consist of anyone, and any number, but the chair must be:.
This special committee may look to any material it sees fit to make its decision, even if it was not, or would not be, available to a jury or trial judge in a normal court.
The government do not have to be bound by the committee recommendations. Under Section 7 5 of the act, the same powers of the Minister for Justice apply to the Minister for Defence in the case of military officers and enlisted convicted by courts martial.
The Minister for Justice or Defence may also, in their absolute discretion, pay compensation, determined by them alone, to any person given a pardon, if this compensation is applied for.
If they think the compensation is too low they may challenge for a higher figure in the High Court. The power is used very infrequently compared to, for example, pardons in the United States.
In Israel the President has the power to pardon criminals or give them clemency. The pardon is given following a recommendation by the Minister of Justice.
After the Kav affair , President Chaim Herzog issued a pardon to four members of the Shin Bet prior to them being indicted.
This unusual act was the first of its kind in Israel. In Italy , the President of the Republic may "grant pardons, or commute punishments" according to article 87 of the Italian Constitution.
Like other acts of the president, the pardon requires the countersignature of the competent government minister. The Constitutional Court of Italy has ruled that the Minister of Justice is obliged to sign acts of pardon.
The pardon may remove the punishment altogether or change its form. Unless the decree of pardon states otherwise, the pardon does not remove any incidental effects of a criminal conviction, such as a mention in a certificate of conduct c.
According to article 79 of the Italian Constitution the Parliament may grant amnesty article c. The last general pardon, discounting 3 years from sentences, was approved in In Poland , the President is granted the right of pardon by Article of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland.
As of October , 7, people were pardoned, while 3, people's appeals were declined. In Portugal, the Heads of State, Kings or Presidents, have always enjoyed the prerogative of grace, being able to grant pardons, commuting or extinguishing sentences in the context of requests for clemency.
According to the Portuguese Constitution  , the President of the Portuguese Republic has the power to pardon and commute sentences, on the proposal of the Government of the Portuguese Republic.
This is the exclusive and discretionary competence of the President and is not subject to any conditions beyond the prior hearing of the Government, generally represented by the Minister of Justice.
Requests or proposals for pardons are instructed by the Criminal Execution Court by referral from the Ministry of Justice and subsequently submitted to the President for consideration.
The pardon is granted by Presidential Decree; if the pardon is denied, the President decides by order. Traditionally pardons are granted during the Christmas period.
The pardon can be revoked by the President of the Republic. In the President granted two pardons. The pardon, as an individual, shall not be confused with amnesty or generic forgiveness, both of a general and abstract nature.
Amnesty has retroactive effects, affecting not only the penalty applied but the past criminal act itself, which is forgotten, considered as not practiced retroactive abolition of crime.
Generic forgiveness focuses only on the penalties determined by the sentencing decision and for the future. It is the reserved competence of the Portuguese Parliamnent to approve generic amnesties and pardons.
The chain of pardon committees manage lists of people eligible for pardon and directs them to the President for signing. While President Boris Yeltsin frequently used his power of pardon — 7, to 8, cases , his successor Vladimir Putin is much more hesitant; he granted five pardons in and two in Pardon can be requested in any time.
The next request can be submitted one year after the previous one. The prerogative of mercy is a form of pardon that can be exercised by the President of Rwanda.
The prerogative is one of the powers of the president defined by the Constitution of Rwanda , which came into effect in following a national referendum.
Under section 84 2 j of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa , Act of , the President of the Republic of South Africa is responsible for pardoning or reprieving offenders.
This power of the President is only exercised in highly exceptional cases. The pardon process is therefore not available to persons who maintain their innocence and is not an advanced form of appeal procedure.
Pardon is only granted for minor offences after a period of ten years has elapsed since the relevant conviction. For many serious offences for example if the relevant court viewed the offence in such a serious light that direct imprisonment was imposed pardon will not be granted even if more than ten years have elapsed since the conviction.
The derecho de gracia "right of grace" or indulto "pardon" is acknowledged by the Spanish Constitution of as a privilege of the King of Spain article The Spanish Constitution defines it as a renounce on the State's part of its own punitive power on behalf of an individual, founded on reasons of equity or public interest.
The Constitution subjects royal pardons to the Law and forbids general pardons, so they have to be granted individually. Theoretically, a royal pardon can be granted for a general offense or accessory offenses alone; if it is granted for a general offense, the accessory ones it implies are also pardoned, with the exception of punishments involving political rights i.
The application for royal pardon has to be carried out by the convicted person himself, his relatives or any other person in his name. The convicting court will then issue a report of the case, which shall be considered along with the public comments of the Prosecutor and the victims of the crime if there were any.
All of this is gathered by the Minister of Justice , who will present the pardon issue to the Cabinet of Ministers.
If the Cabinet decides a pardon should be granted, then the Minister of Justice will recommend as such to the King.
Pardons are not commonly conceded in Spain but for offenders convicted for minor crimes who are about to complete their sentence and have shown good behaviour and repentance.
Dating back to medieval times, several organisations and religious brotherhoods still hold the right of granting pardons as part of some privilege or other granted to them by the King of Spain.
The scope of this privilege depends on the royal charter received by the organisation when their right to concede pardons was granted, though it usually holds only for minor offenses in very especial conditions; this right is implicitly acknowledged by the public offices nowadays, though it is not exercised but following the usual procedure for royal pardons.
This type of pardons are distinguished from the usual ones in that they only release the prisoner from jail, halting the sentence, but do not pardon the offense itself.
In Sri Lanka , under the Sri Lankan Constitution the President can grant a pardon, respite or substitute a less severe form of punishment for any punishment imposed to any offender convicted of any offence in any court within the Republic of Sri Lanka.
It is generally referred to as a Presidential pardon. In Switzerland , pardons may be granted by the Swiss Federal Assembly for crimes prosecuted by the federal authorities.
For crimes under cantonal jurisdiction , cantonal law designates the authority competent to grant pardons if any. In most cantons, the cantonal parliament may pardon felonies, and the cantonal government may pardon misdemeanors and minor infractions.
The president of Turkey is granted the right of pardon under certain circumstances defined in the constitution , article According to the article, the president can "remit, on grounds of chronic illness, disability, or old age, all or part of the sentences imposed on certain individuals".
After the convict's or his or her proxy's application, if the Council of Forensic Medicine determines that the convict suffers from chronic illness, disability, or old age, the Ministry of Justice presents the situation to the president, and the president can choose to grant a pardon.
Additionally, the parliament of Turkey has the power to announce general amnesty. The power to grant pardons and reprieves in the United Kingdom is known as the royal prerogative of mercy.
It was traditionally in the absolute power of the monarch to pardon an individual for a crime, whether or not he or she had been convicted, and thereby commute any penalty; the power was then delegated both to the judiciary and the sovereign's ministers.
Since the creation of legal rights of appeal, the royal prerogative of mercy is no longer exercised by the person of the sovereign, or by the judiciary, but only by the government.
In constitutional terms, under the doctrine of the rule of law , the power of ministers to overrule the judiciary by commuting criminal sanctions imposed resolves different and sometimes conflicting public interests.
In civil matters, only the legislative branch, and not ministers, have the power to override the judiciary. Until the nineteenth century, for many crimes the sentence was mandatory and was formally pronounced in court immediately upon conviction, but judges and ministers were given powers to exercise the royal prerogative of mercy out of court, in order to mitigate the rigour of the law.
Before there was any general form of criminal appeal, a judge might grant a pardon either by way of clemency, because he felt in his opinion that the law was unduly harsh for example, in the case of convictions of minors , that the verdict was dubious, to seek public approval, or it was otherwise in the public interest.
Capital sentences imposed by the assizes were generally executed when the assize was concluded and as the circuit judge left the town, so there was a limited window of time to apply to a judge or directly to the Crown for a pardon.
Especially for assizes that were far away from the then capital and major cities of London , York , Durham , Edinburgh , or Dublin , a pardon might well arrive too late.
Perhaps as a form of temporary punishment, to give solace, to avoid public disorder, to consult or obtain further evidence, or to maximise the public approval of the King's mercy, judges often did not grant their pardons until their departures; the convict often hoped until his last moments that the sentence of death would not actually be executed, and it was generally popular for a reprieve to arrive at the scaffold at the very moment of the execution.
Conditional pardons were granted to many in the 18th century, in return for transportation to British colonies overseas for life in lieu, especially to the Australian colonies.
The first known general pardon in post- Conquest England was issued during the celebrations at the coronation of King Edward III in In , all soldiers from England, Wales , Scotland , and Ireland who were executed for cowardice during the First World War were given a statutory pardon by an Act of Parliament the Armed Forces Act , following a long-running controversy about the justice of their executions.
Today the sovereign only grants pardons upon the advice of her ministers: currently they are the Lord Chancellor , for England and Wales; [ citation needed ] the First Minister of Scotland ; [ citation needed ] or the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland.
The use of the royal prerogative of mercy is now a rare occurrence, given that the Criminal Cases Review Commission and the Scottish Criminal Cases Review Commission are now avenues to statutory remedies against miscarriages of justice.
Therefore, the grant of pardons is now very rare occurrence indeed, and the vast majority of acknowledged miscarriages of justice were decided upon by the courts.
During the Birmingham Six case, Home Secretary Douglas Hurd stressed that he could only make the decision for a pardon if he was "convinced of [their] innocence", which at the time he was not.
One recent case was that of two drug smugglers, John Haase and Paul Bennett. They were pardoned in July from their sentences of imprisonment both of 18 years, having served some ten months, on the advice of Home Secretary Michael Howard.
In , after the courts had dismissed their appeals, the Home Secretary, William Whitelaw , used the royal prerogative of mercy to free David Cooper and Michael McMahon from their imprisonment, both having been convicted of murder on poor evidence.
Under the Act of Settlement , a pardon cannot prevent a person from being impeached by Parliament, but a pardon may commute any penalties imposed for the conviction.
In England and Wales no person may be pardoned for an offence under Section 11 of the Habeas Corpus Act unlawfully transporting prisoners out of England and Wales.
In the United States , the pardon power for offenses against the United States is granted to the President of the United States under Article II, Section 2 of the United States Constitution which states that the President "shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against the United States, except in cases of impeachment ".
The U. Supreme Court has interpreted this language to include the power to grant pardons, conditional pardons, commutations of sentence, conditional commutations of sentence, remissions of fines and forfeitures, respites , and amnesties.
The pardon power of the President applies only to convictions under federal law. Almost all pardon petitions are addressed to the President, who grants or denies the request.
In some cases, the President will, of his own accord, issue a pardon. The governors of most U. In other states, that power is committed to an appointed agency or board, or to a board and the governor in some hybrid arrangement in some states the agency is merged with that of the parole board , as in the Oklahoma Pardon and Parole Board.
Nine states in the United States have boards of pardons and paroles that exclusively grant all state pardons. On at least three occasions, state governors— Toney Anaya of New Mexico in ,  George Ryan of Illinois in ,  and Martin O'Malley of Maryland in  —have commuted all death sentences in their respective states prior to leaving office.
These terms differ subtly from country to country, but generally:   . Some criminals who testify for the prosecution put their life in jeopardy by doing so.
To encourage witnesses to testify, the government may offer witness protection. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Pardon disambiguation.
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